From- History: Fiction Or Science  Chronology 5 by Anatoly Fomenko

 CH.1 PAGE 21

Thus, as recently as in the XVIII century, the Russian Empire was also known as “Mongol Tartary.” The fact that the two names refer to the same territory is explicitly written on maps of the XVIII century.

Can this really be true? Romanovian history assures us that the “terrible yoke of the Tartars and the Mongols” was lifted some 300 years before the compilation of this map at least. Could it really be that three centuries did not suffice in order to make foreigners forget the “Tartar and Mongol” name of Russia?

There is nothing mysterious about this fact.  The “Mongol” empire of the Tartars, also known as the Great Russian Empire in the pre-Romanovian epoch, had existed for several centuries before the Romanovs enslaved Russia in the early XVII century. After the deposition of the old dynasty, which we shall be referring to as the Horde Dynasty, the process of re-writing Russian history in the pro-Romanovian vein commenced as a political necessity.

This editing process resulted in the creation of a political fairy tale about the “vicious” Mongols and Tartars, who had enslaved Russia in the days of yore. The old Russian word “Horde” (army) was demonised by Romanovian historians, eager to please. All of it happened gradually, step by step.  Nevertheless, the name of the famous Great Empire, or the “Mongolian” Empire of the Russians and the Tartars, was kept for centuries to come, since the entire world had known Russia under this very name for many centuries.  It took the Romanovs an enormous amount of time to create a layer of plaster over the authentic history of Russia. This must have been made relatively quickly in Russia. Yet the foreigners didn’t part with the habit of using the old name for referring to Russia for a long time. As we have just seen, they carried on writing the old name alongside the new (Great Tartary and Russian Empire).  The old name eventually went out of use, with nothing but the “Russian Empire” remaining in its place. This is how the last traces of the “Mongol and Tartar” dynasty of Horde Russia were obliterated. Russians would refer to it as the Cossack Dynasty of Great Russia, or the Great Cossack Dynasty. Bear in mind that “Mongol Tartary” was the name used by foreigners, and apparently hadn’t existed in the Russian language. The name “Mongolia” must be of the same origin as the Russian words “mnogo,” “moshch” and “mnozhestvo,” translating as “many,” “might” and “multitude,” respectively.

We see the same to be the case with a number of other maps dating from the XVIII century. For instance, there is the “First Map of the Russian Empire and Europe” (“Ie Carte de l’Empire de Russie et l’Europe. 1755.” See figs. 1.26 and 1.27. The legend “Grande Tartarie” is written all across the Russian Empire (translated as “Mongol Tartary”).  Next we have another map of the XVIII century under the following title: “L’Asie dresse sur les observations de l’Academie Royale des Sciences et quelques autres, et sur les memoires les plus recents. Amsterdam. Par G. de l’Isle. Geographie a Amsterdam. Chez R. & J. Ottens” (see figs. 1.28 and 1.29). The exact date of its compilation is unfortunately missing.

To the West of the Volga we see “European Moscovia” (“Moscovie Europeane”). The entire territory of the Russian Empire to the East of the Volga ismarked “Grande Tartarie” in large letters – Great (“Mongolian”) Tartary, in other words (see fig.  1.30). It is significant that we see “Muscovite Tartars” residing in Great Tartary. The area marked “Tartarie Muscovite” is quite large, much bigger than many countries of the Western Europe, and covers a significant part of Siberia, qv in fig. 1.30.  By the way, we see other “Tartar regions” on the territory of the Russian Empire, or Great Tartary – Independent Tartary (Tartarie Independante), Chinese Tartary (Tartarie Chinoise), a Tartary right next to Tibet and “Lesser Tartary” comprising the Crimea, the South and the East of the Ukraine.

The North of India is called “The State of the Great Moguls,” qv in fig. 1.31. The Moguls are the same as the “Mongols,” or the Great Ones. In Chron4 we cited the evidence of certain mediaeval chroniclers, who mentioned that the Russian language “might have been used” in many parts of India. This must have been the gigantic region known as “Etats du Grand Mogol” comprising almost all of India, up to the 20th degree of northern latitude.

It is noteworthy that Great Tartary included Chinese Tartary, qv in fig. 1.29. It covered a part of the modern China as well as the “Great Tibet.” We shall relate the history of China, its real events and chronology in the chapters to follow, coming back to these remarkable maps of the XVIII century.  The “Tartar” geographical terminology had been used on Russian maps up until the XVIII century. For instance, in fig. 1.32 we see a map of Asia taken from the “first Russian atlas of world geography” originally known as “The Atlas Compiled for Prudent Use by the Youth, and All Readers of Chronicles and Historical Book” published by the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg in 1737 (map 18 of [679], page 48). We see numerous Tartaries on the map – Tartary, Independent Tartary and Russian Tartary, qv in fig.

1.32. A. V. Postnikov, the compiler of the atlas ([679]) couldn’t restrain himself from the following sceptical comment: “Apparently, the sources of the maps were foreign maps of low quality in different languages” ([679], page 48).

Great Tartary is also marked on a Russian map dating from the middle of the XVIII century, a fragment of which is reproduced in fig. 1.32a.  Incidentally, a map of 1737 reproduced in fig.  1.32 refers to the area of Burma (Myanmar) as to “Pegu,” qv in fig. 1.33. Could this be a relic of the “Motley Horde,” or “Pegaya Orda,” described in Chapter 6 of Chron5, whose name became reflected in those of Peking and Pakistan?